Once the plants are larger, a fair amount of injury can be tolerated. Additionally, water early in the day to give the foliage a chance to dry before dark. This problem is seen when the brinjal plant starts flowering, it is a type of worm which is … This is helpful in reducing foliar diseases and fruit rots. In addition, remove infected plants from the garden. Some of the most common include blossom end rot, wilt diseases, and various types of blight. No residual activity. Disease resistance is noted in seed catalogs and seed packets. Pest and Diseases. Control: There is no treatment for Fusarium wilt, so the best way for tomato growers to control the disease is to plant tomato varieties that resist the disease. Insecticidal soap sprays are best applied in the early morning or the late evening to slow drying time. Eggplant is a member of the nightshade family, related to tomatoes, peppers, and potatoes. Less impact on beneficials. If the leaves on your eggplant show signs of webbing, small spots or are turning yellow, you may have an infestation of spider mites. Proper plant spacing allows air to flow between plants, promoting faster drying of foliage following rain or dew. Introducing natural predators, such as ladybugs, often helps minimize eggplant problems associated with aphids. Table 4. Eggplants are cold sensitive and shouldn’t be placed in the garden too early. Phomopsis blight is more common in the fall than in the spring. Many of these eggplant diseases can be eliminated or prevented by practicing crop rotation, reducing weed growth, and providing adequate spacing and uniform watering. African eggplant, Solanum aethiopicum, is a deciduous shrub in the family Solanaceae which is grown for its edible fruits which are cooked and eaten as a vegetable.African eggplant is a highly branching plant which can grow up to 2 m (6.6 ft) in height. Space rows 36 inches apart, and space plants 24 to 30 inches apart on the row. The fungus infects the seedlings causing damping off. This is an easy strategy for larger, slow-moving insects, such as hornworms and Colorado potato beetles. Shot-hole feeding damage caused by flea beetles on eggplant foliage.Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Broad spectrum insecticides are best sprayed in late evening to lessen the impact on pollinating insects. Preventing and controlling plant diseases is key to growing healthy plants. The first symptoms are represented by the appearance of some discoloration spots, that evolve in burns arranged parallel to the nerves. Bayer BioAdvanced Vegetable & Garden Insect Spray, Southern Ag Conserve Naturalyte Insect Control. We recommend Bulls-Eye™ Bioinsecticide to prevent Flea Beetles. American varieties are oblong or globular with a dark purple skin. This disease affects ripe fruit and causes leather-like sunk-en spots to appear on the fruit ends and cause the fruit to drop. Tomato Plant Insect Pests: Tips For Treating Pests On Tomatoes, Eggplant Phomopsis Blight – Reasons For Eggplant Leaf Spot And Fruit Rot. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Eggplant damage appears as wilting from lower to upper leaves, followed by plant collapse. The spot may be depressed on the outside of the fruit. If unable to drip irrigate, direct water to the base of the plants and avoid wetting the leaves as much as possible. Large populations may create webbing on the foliage and cause a yellow stippling symptom to develop on the foliage as they feed. Crop rotation is an important strategy for managing bacterial wilt, Phytophthora blight, and southern blight because the pathogens survive in soil. Broad spectrum insecticides will kill beneficial insects; therefore, avoid using these products unless absolutely necessary. Avoid over fertilizing with nitrogen, as this can make plants more attractive to aphids. Fungicide Products to Control Eggplant Diseases. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Aphids and whiteflies both have piercing, sucking mouthparts used to suck the sap out of eggplant leaves and stems. Sign up for our newsletter. Insecticide Products to Control Eggplant Insect Pests. Beetles. Anthony Keinath, ©2020, Clemson Extension. To prevent eggplant bugs, it may also help to keep weeds and other debris to a minimum and rotate crops every other year or so. These plants require full sun and well-drained soil amended with organic matter. You’ll also find tips on integrated pest management and herbicide summaries. Although it’s a problem that’s receiving more and more attention, not enough strategies have been developed yet to reduce the impact they generate at an economic and environmental level. In this section, find information on plant disease identification and control, including rot, freeze damage, rust, blight, mold, scales, bacteria, viruses, fungus, wilt, mildew, gall, mites, moths, and cankers. The treatment for such insects is usually very simple and can be cured in reasonable time. Diseases and pests of seedlings and adult plants. Align rows east to west rather than north to south to allow air movement up and down the rows. The pests are small, black or brown beetles that lay their eggs around the bases of eggplants. Pepper and Eggplant Leafhoppers. Stip. The eggplant flea beetle and the eggplant lace bug are common pests, but twospotted spider mites can be more damaging. Fruit spots start as pale, sunken areas that rapidly enlarge to become soft and spongy down into the flesh. The silverleaf whitefly (Bemisia argentifolii) is the predominant species of whitefly that affects eggplant, and the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) is the predominant aphid species. Powdery Mildew. Growing Eggplant. Instead, rotate with cucurbits (squash, zucchini, melons, and cantaloupe), brassicas (collards, kale, cabbage, turnips, and broccoli), grasses (sweet corn and grains), alliums (onions, garlic, and leeks), etc. Two spotted spider mites (Tetranychus urticae) may become a pest on eggplant foliage, especially after the use of broad spectrum insecticides. Just a few hornworms may cause significant defoliation in small gardens. Insecticides for Control of Insect Pests of Eggplant. Common pests and diseases: Eggplants Eggplant seeds available at ufseeds.com blight and phytophthora blight. Typically, spider mites feed on the lower surfaces of leaves by inserting their piercing, sucking mouthparts, and extracting the plant’s sap. Thrips, flea beetles, cutworms, armyworms, aphids, and white flies can also find food in maturing eggplant plants. Sclerotia remain viable in the soil for several years until the next susceptible crop is planted. Stem borer. The most common of the eggplant pests are members of the beetle, bug and mite groups. The leaves of the plant are arranged alternately on the stems and have smooth or lobed margins. The article describes a popular variety of eggplant "Valentina". Eggplant – Solanum melongena Family Solanaceae (Nightshade family) Plant Description. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Eggplant is a favorite host of multiple species of flea beetles, which are mostly in the genus Epitrix. Eggplant - a solanaceous crop - has some of the same pests as pepper, potato, and tomato. Broad Spectrum. Eggplant Integrated Pest Management AN ECOLOGICAL GUIDE TRAINING RESOURCE TEXT ON CROP DEVELOPMENT, MAJOR AGRONOMIC PRACTICES, DISEASE AND INSECT ECOLOGY, INSECT PESTS, NATURAL ENEMIES AND DISEASES OF EGGPLANT FAO Inter-Country Programme for Integrated Pest Management In Vegetables in South and Southeast Asia June 2003 Plant disease-resistant varieties. Spider Mites Spider mites can reproduce incredibly fast and cause severe damage in no time at all. They consist of various colors and sizes, all of which can add unique flavor to many recipes or as stand-alone side dishes. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer. Colorado potato beetle larvae feeding on eggplant foliage.Justin Ballew, ©2020, Clemson Extension, An adult Colorado potato beetle feeding on an eggplant leaf.Justin Ballew, ©2020, Clemson Extension, Tobacco hornworms are harmless and can easily be removed by hand.Justin Ballew, ©2020, Clemson Extension. They use their chewing mouthparts to feed, leaving behind little more than the large leaf veins. Blossom end rot, which also commonly affects tomatoes, is caused by a fungus due to the gardener overwatering. https://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/eggplant-insect-pests-diseases Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. In small gardens, adults and larvae are easy to handpick and squish or drop in a bottle of soapy water. This virus was first identified on the cucumber plant, but this disease attacks a lot of crop plants including eggplants. For chemical control, see products labeled for use in eggplant in the tables below. Cultural control includes proper fertilization according to the results of a soil test. Eggplant is a commonly grown warm-season vegetable noted for its great flavor, egg shape and dark violet color. The pre-harvest (PHI) interval is the waiting time in days after spraying before harvesting. Dark-colored sooty mold often develops on the honeydew, which reduces the plant’s ability to photosynthesize. Table 3. Colorado Potato Beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) (CPB) is a serious insect pest of potatoes but will also attack eggplant, tomato and pepper in that order of preference. Diseases and Pests You Have to Watch out for When Growing Eggplants in Containers Prevent aphids by placing pots of garlic and chives near the eggplant. If you purchase seedlings, ask nursery staff to point out their disease-resistant stock. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Other eggplant bugs that affect these plants include: The best way to deal with eggplant bugs is by using collars and row covers until the plants are large enough to withstand attacks, at which time insecticidal soap can be used to alleviate pest problems. As the disease progresses, a white mat of fungal mycelium (threadlike growth) develops around the base of the stem, rotting the stem and causing the plant to yellow, wilt, and die. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Leaves may also have gray or brown spots that are rounded or oval-shaped. Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) larvae and adults feed on eggplant foliage with their chewing mouthparts. Sunscald. There are several eggplant diseases that affect these crops. Apply at or shortly after transplanting. Eggplants are cold sensitive and shouldn’t be placed in the garden too early. Avoid planting eggplant where tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, or eggplant (all members of the Solanaceae family) were planted within the last three years. May be slightly sunken. Find the right products for your crop. Leaf-footed bug adults and nymph sitting on an eggplant leaf.Justin Ballew, ©2020, Clemson Extension. Best products for Greenhouse whitefly in Eggplant. Problem: Powdery mildew leaves a telltale white dusty coating on leaves, stems … Several eggplants that have wilted and died because of infection by bacterial wilt.Justin Ballew, ©2020, Clemson Extension, Bacterial ooze streaming from the cut stem of an eggplant suspended in water is a good way to test for bacterial wilt.Justin Ballew, ©2020, Clemson Extension, Deteriorated Eggplant stem infected with Southern blight. Symptoms of southern blight (caused by Athelia rolfsii) are found on the stems at the surface of the soil. Fruit to drop increase rapidly in times of hot, dry weather as stand-alone side dishes between,! 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